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Kenya's Current Population: An Overview

Kenya, a captivating country nestled in East Africa, is a tapestry of cultures, traditions, and identities. At the crossroads of diversity, its population is a reflection of the nation's history, geography, and societal fabric. In this comprehensive overview, we delve into Kenya's current population, examining its regional distribution, tribal composition, religious affiliations, age demographics, and more.

kenya s current population an overview

A Nation of Diversity: Overview and Statistics

Kenya's population, standing tall at approximately 51,368,732 individuals, paints a vivid picture of its significance on the global stage. Although constituting a mere 0.67% of the world's total population, Kenya ranks 28th among nations and dependencies, showcasing its importance and influence.

Geographical Landscape and Demographic Dynamics

Spanning an expansive land area of 224,082 square miles, Kenya's population density of about 232 people per square mile attests to its vibrancy. The median age of 19 years underscores a nation dominated by its youth, poised for growth and transformation.

Diversity in Divisions: Regional Breakdown

Kenya's administrative divisions, known as provinces, encapsulate its varied landscapes and communities. Let's take a closer look at these regions:

  • Rift Valley Province: The largest province, with an impressive population of approximately 10,006,805.
  • Eastern Province: A close second, boasting around 5.6 million residents.
  • Nyanza Province: Home to about 5.4 million individuals, rich in cultural heritage.
  • Central Province: Around 4.3 million inhabitants, contributing significantly to Kenya's fabric.
  • Nairobi: The bustling capital city, hosting 3.2 million individuals and representing the nation's heart.
  • Western Province: Accommodating around 4.3 million, a region known for its lush landscapes.
  • Coast Province: Approximately 3.4 million inhabitants, blending history and beauty.
  • North Eastern Province: With around 2.3 million residents, a region of distinct character.

Tribes: The Building Blocks of Identity

Kenya's tribal landscape is a rich mosaic of cultures and histories. The largest tribes include:

  • Kikuyu Tribe: A population of 6.6 million, residing predominantly in the Central province.
  • Luhya Tribe: With around 5.3 million members, fostering diversity in the western region.
  • Luo Tribe: Boasting around 4.8 million individuals, thriving near Lake Victoria.
  • Prominent Tribes: Kalenjin, Kissi, Kamba, and Somali contribute significantly to Kenya's societal tapestry.

Faiths That Unite: Religious Composition

Kenya's religious diversity is emblematic of its openness and tolerance. The faith landscape includes:

  • Christians: A staggering 42.6 million individuals, comprising 84.8% of the population.
  • Muslims: About 4.8 million followers, accounting for approximately 9.7% of Kenya's inhabitants.
  • Hindus: A smaller community with 0.1% representation, around 50,270 strong.
  • Other Faiths: Various other religious groups contribute to the nation's diversity, alongside those who identify as unaffiliated.

Ages and Stages: Demographic Insights

The age distribution in Kenya offers a window into its societal dynamics:

  • Median Age: A youthful 19 years, signaling a nation primed for innovation and growth.
  • Youth and Adults: With around 27 million individuals aged 15 to 64, Kenya's energy and potential shine through.
  • Children: Approximately 20.7 million individuals under 15, the foundation of Kenya's future.
  • Elderly: Those aged 65 and above comprise about 1.3 million, representing wisdom and experience.

Gender and Education: Empowerment and Literacy

Gender dynamics and literacy rates reflect Kenya's commitment to progress:

  • Gender Balance: Females slightly outnumber males, with women constituting 50.1% of the population.
  • Literacy Rates: Approximately 78% of Kenyans possess the ability to read and write.
  • Youth Literacy: A commendable 85.9% literacy rate among those aged 15 and above.
  • Gender Disparity: While male literacy rates are higher at 81.1%, efforts continue to bridge the gap.


In a land of diverse landscapes, cultures, and histories, Kenya's population serves as a living testament to its multifaceted identity. As a nation with a youthful median age, thriving regional diversity, and a commitment to education and progress, Kenya's story is one of unity amid diversity and the promise of a bright future.




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